On Aug. 28, 1963, the day of the March on Washington, all of the platform speakers were invited to the White House to meet with President John F. Kennedy.
A few months earlier I had made my very first trip to the White House. I was only 23 years old and also the new chairman of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. It was amazing. A week into my new job I was headed to the White House to meet President Kennedy.
I was with five other great men, including Martin Luther King Jr., Roy Wilkins, James Farmer and Whitney Young, known as the Big Six leaders of the movement. There were many women who were instrumental to our plans to march and many heroines of the movement, including Coretta Scott King, Fannie Lou Hamer, Dorothy Height, Ella Baker and Diane Nash. However, as was customary in those times, none of them were in the room that day. We told President Kennedy the people could not wait any longer. We were planning to call on thousands to march on Washington.
President Kennedy was visibly concerned. He was sitting in the Oval Office in his rocking chair, and he began to rock a little more briskly. He was concerned about violence. He wanted to cool down rising tensions, but A. Philip Randolph, the founder of the Brotherhood of Pullman Car Porters, the dean of our movement, assured him that the march would be lawful, peaceful and nonviolent. But Randolph also told him that we could not wait any longer. “Mr. President, he said, “if we cool down any more we will be in a deep freeze.”
After the largest march Washington had ever seen, the president stood in the door of his office relaxed and beaming. He shook each hand and said, “You did a good job. You did a good job.” But when he got to Martin Luther King Jr. he said, “And you had a dream.”
King’s aspirations for this nation were “deeply rooted in the American dream.” And it is because of his unwavering commitment to the cause of justice, the principles of peace and nonviolent activism, because of his insistence on the equal dignity of all humanity that he has found his place on the National Mall.
Martin Luther King Jr. represents the very best in America. It was his moral voice that helped this nation turn the corner and lay down the burden of a grave injustice.
Thus it is fitting and so appropriate that we honor Martin Luther King Jr. in what I like to call “the frontyard of America.” He must be looked upon as one of the founders of the New America. He must be looked upon as one of the founders of a nation more prepared to meet its highest destiny. And that is why the image of this humble Baptist minister from Atlanta, Ga., a man who was never elected to any public office, can be seen today standing on the National Mall between the monuments to two great presidents — Abraham Lincoln and Thomas Jefferson.
We have come a great distance as a nation and as a people, but we still have a great distance to go before we create what Dr. King called the Beloved Community. I define it as a society based on simple justice that values the dignity and the worth of every human being. The struggle to build this kind of community does not last for one day, one week or one year; it is the struggle of a lifetime.
President Barack Obama is doing all he can to help build this sense of community. In the bluster of media hype and political rhetoric, the substantive work President Obama has done to turn our economy around, to assist everyday Americans during this time of financial crisis, and to put people back to work has not gotten enough attention.
Perhaps you remember his demand that we expand and extend unemployment insurance to people who had been laid off. Maybe you heard about his loan modification programs that have offered relief to more than two million Americans who would have lost their homes. He added $7.6 billion to the Hardest Hit Fund to help homeowners in the most dire straits, and $7 billion for a program to stabilize neighborhoods blighted by the foreclosure crisis.
With the help of a Democratic Congress, college students now have access to affordable health care until they are 26. The president doubled their Pell Grant funding and has enacted 17 tax cuts to free small businesses to be the engine of growth they had always been. President Obama is trying to do his part to help build a Beloved Community.
We have a president in our midst who is trying to do the kind of good that will last. And if each of us will do our part to respect human dignity, to speak up and speak out nonviolently for the cause of justice then we can all help build the Beloved Community, a nation and a world society at peace with itself.
Congressman John Lewis is the U.S. Representative for Georgia’s 5th congressional district.