Neal Shapiro is President and CEO of New York City’s WNET, America’s flagship public media outlet, bringing quality arts, education and public affairs programming to over 5 million viewers each week.
The parent company of public television stations THIRTEEN and WLIW21 and operator of NJTV, WNET produces such acclaimed PBS series as “Great Performances,” “American Masters,” “Nature,” “Need to Know,” “Charlie Rose” and a range of documentaries, children’s programs, and local news and cultural offerings available on air and online.
Shapiro is an award-winning producer and media executive with a 25-year career spanning print, broadcast, cable and online platforms. At the helm of WNET, Shapiro has nearly doubled arts and culture programming, placed a new emphasis on local programming and community engagement, set new fundraising records and inaugurated a new, state-of-the-art studio at Lincoln Center.
Before joining WNET in 2007, Shapiro was President of NBC News, leading its top-rated news programs, including “Today,” “NBC Nightly News,” “Meet the Press” and “Dateline NBC.”
Shapiro was executive producer of “Dateline NBC” when it was a mainstay of NBC’s schedule. And in his 13 years at ABC News, he was a writer and producer for “PrimeTime Live” and “World News Tonight.”
Shapiro has won numerous awards, including 32 Emmys, 31 Edward R. Murrow Awards and three Columbia DuPont awards. He serves on the Boards of Tufts University, Gannett Company, the Investigative News Network and the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.
He lives in New York City with his wife, ABC News Correspondent Juju Chang, and their three sons.
Congratulations on PBS’ 50th anniversary! What special programming do you have planned?
This is not only a great way to look back and celebrate what we’ve accomplished, but also a great way to think about the challenges for the next 50 years. Digging through our archives, we found some amazing, early footage we didn’t know we had of icons like Dr. Martin Luther King, Andy Warhol and Muhammad Ali.
So, we’re going to do a whole series of specials on news, art and culture. Last month, we led a seven-hour national telethon about the dropout crisis, not to raise money, but to raise awareness and tell people how they can get involved.
I see part of our role for the next 50 years is to become even more engaged with our community through programs that enable good things to happen.
Fixing the educational system is a really urgent priority, because we’ll lose another generation if nothing is done.
You’re exactly right! In New York, we have the biggest school system in the country and therefore we have some of the biggest problem schools in the country. We want to do everything we can to let people know how critical an issue this is. If we don’t get this right, we’ll lose an entire generation. Nobody wins when a generation can’t contribute to society.
One of your predecessors, John Jay Iselin, emphasized that the bottom line was not profit at PBS, but the quality of the art. Was that a hard thing for you to adjust to in coming over from a commercial television network?
He’s absolutely right. What’s hard to adjust to is being unable to measure your bottom line like you can in the commercial world.
How do you measure the ability to touch someone’s heart, to give someone comfort or a meaningful experience they might cherish for the rest of their lives?
Those are hard to quantify. So, public television doesn’t have the same sort of metrics, which is why, as part of the 50th anniversary, we’ve been reaching out and asking people, “What has been the importance of the programs we’ve brought you over the years?”
And we’ve received some inspiring responses, like the one from a woman who grew up in very humble circumstances in the Bronx. Her parents didn’t have the means to take her to see live performances in the theater. But thanks to PBS, she still had a front row seat, and today she’s a professional dancer.
Another person credits the show “Nature” for the inspiration to become a marine biologist. It’s hard to put a price tag on stories like that, but they have real meaning.
Earlier this year, you ran a fascinating documentary about the late Daisy Bates, the only female to speak at the March on Washington. It was hard for me, as a black studies major, to believe that I had never even heard of such an important Civil Rights figure before.
We have plenty of examples like that which we chronicle in such a way that they can also exist forever in classrooms. Most people don’t know that we have an education department and what a huge impact it makes because we offer the content for free to teachers and students all over the country. Nowadays, kids are quite comfortable learning from video in a way that you and I weren’t, since we didn’t have much of an opportunity to watch them in school.
Is bringing the arts to public media always going to be about raising enough money?
That’s a very good question. When you look at the arts, there is not a great commercial model for it. And there never has been one. The fine arts have always been supported by philanthropy and thereby made available to everyone. I don’t think that model’s about to change. In fact, there are likely to be even more stresses on it, because there are more demands for the very valuable radio and TV frequencies. So, I think we’ll always be reliant upon the kindness of strangers to keep the arts alive.
What was the last book you read?
“The Passage of Power,” Robert Caro’s latest book about LBJ [Lyndon B. Johnson].
What is your favorite dish to cook?
Anything that I can barbecue. I love barbecuing. It must be that primal thing about being around a fire. I also enjoy the math involved in cooking on the grill, figuring out the space and what will need more time.
If you could have one wish instantly granted, what would that be for?
Two-part answer. On the grand scale, I would like to find a way for our representatives to have reasonable political dialogue, so we could actually find some solutions for all our problems. I think the country is paralyzed. Second, my wish for me, personally, is I’d like to be manager of the Yankees. That’s no reflection on Joe Girardi, who’s doing a fine job.
What is your earliest childhood memory?
Being pushed into the deep end of a swimming pool before I learned how to swim, and sinking deeper and deeper in until my father’s big giant hand reached down and pulled me out.
What was the best business decision you ever made, and what was the worst?
Good question. I would say my best was launching the local programming we’re doing here at Channel 13. My worst decision was doing a show called World Focus which didn’t work out because of unfortunate timing.
What key quality do you believe all successful people share?
How do you want to be remembered?
As someone who treated people fairly, and who brought out the best in them.
Last chance, can you think of a question no one ever asks you, that you wish someone would?
Yeah, if you could live at another time, what period would you pick?
Which era would you pick?
I think I’d like to live in New York in the ‘20s. It was a period of great literature and great art. My favorite author is F. Scott Fitzgerald.