|Russell Simmons is seen here participating in the Occupy Wall Street Movement. He has also been to Boston recently, promoting an amendment to the Constitution, which calls for public financing of elections. (Photo courtesy of Russell Simmons)
Russell Simmons was among the handful of celebrities making a daily show of support of Occupy Wall Street (OWS) with a very visible presence on the ground in lower Manhattan and other cities.
But since the police began banning and bulldozing the group’s campsites all across the country, it seems that the activists might have lost some of their momentum.
So, I decided to track down Russell to see whether he thinks OWS was just a flash in the pan or if it will be revived despite the recent crackdown.
Why did you join the Occupy Wall Street Movement?
Well, I have certainly been one of the people who’s been very vocal about the government’s being more concerned about special interests than the needs of the people who elected the officials.
There’s always been talk about this, and now we have a chance to have a real dialogue. A lot of pundits keep asking, “What do they want?” It’s so clear to me what the protesters’ rap is all about.
They’re occupying Wall Street and carrying picket signs that say things like, “I couldn’t afford a politician, so I made this sign.” You can trace their grievances and discontent back to all the corporate influence which has had a huge impact in terms of all the inequalities that people are suffering from.
If you talk about the prison-industrial complex, I’ve fought against the prison-industrial complex when I called for a repeal of the Rockefeller drug laws. The biggest impediment to get the laws changed was the lobbyists. Whether you’re talking about health care, jobs going overseas or tax reform, you’re always coming up against lobbyists.
Hello! So that issue is critical. And this dialogue is bringing a lot more attention to it.
But are the politicians listening to OWS or to the lobbyists?
The politicians already in office don’t want to change. A few might have it in their hearts to change and to start working for the people, but even some of the most progressive politicians are silent because they know that the candidate with the most money wins.
So, what’s the solution?
On the day that Mayor Bloomberg cleared out Zuccotti Park in New York, I went up to Boston where I promoted a Constitutional amendment calling for public financing of elections, a very straightforward, no-nonsense, no compromise amendment which prohibits any expenditures by any third party, by any special interests or even by the candidates themselves.
That would certainly level the playing field.
Yeah, the elected officials should be working for the voters who elected them. Money corrupts the process. Why would you be giving a candidate money unless you expect something in return? That’s why I want to get this amendment done. It’s only four lines long. This is not a partisan idea. It’s an American idea. We’re trying to make a true democracy.
Do you think the Occupy Wall Street Movement has been hurt by getting kicked out of park after park around the country?
No, no, no … I think it’s only made it stronger. The movement’s just beginning. It’s only a couple months old. I was at Zuccotti Park almost every day. The kids down there were very compassionate. They embraced the homeless, and they were even kind enough to give free food and tents to inmates just being released from Riker’s Island.
And some of those people would come out of jail and find purpose in joining the movement. Unfortunately, a few were disruptive, and the media would give the bad apples the most attention and so OWS’ message was being misrepresented.
But OWS was only taking care of people the City of New York should’ve been caring for. So, the cleaning out of the parks just means the revolution has to evolve.
What would your answer be to people who ask: What, specifically, does Occupy Wall Street want?
We want the government to be controlled by all the people, not by the richest 1 percent. That’s always been the first demand. That’s a simple enough message, and I think it’s pretty clear now, even though much of the media has been disingenuous in its coverage.
We don’t want the heads of the biggest industries to make all the decisions, because they’re not for the people. They’re for the corporations. Power to the people!
How will eliminating political contributions help the election process?
Presently, you can’t be a free man and run for office in this country. Everybody wants something! Even individuals who bundle your money want something. The system has to be changed so that the politicians will work on behalf of the people.
Isn’t it possible that you’ll still have politicians taking money under the table?
That’s a different type of corruption. Most people don’t want to break the law. I’m concerned about eliminating perfectly legal forms of bribery. At least 4 out 5 Americans believe that Wall Street and special interests have too much control over our government. So, it’s not just a progressive thing. Remember, even a whole unit of Tea Party members marched with us on the Brooklyn Bridge. They want their elected officials to work for them, too. We see a flaw in our democracy, and there’s no reason why we shouldn’t be able to fix it. We want to educate people on this one issue.
What’s tragic to me is the precariousness of the middle class. I’ve seen people lose their jobs, and then lose their home. Or get sick, and then lose their home. Or be working full time but be unable to afford health care or to send their kids to college. A quarter of the kids in this country now live in poverty. Meanwhile, the Bush tax cuts for the rich remain in effect. Whatever happened to a living wage?
All of those problems are what makes this so urgent. And at the same time, the stock market just rolls on. It’s a disconnect, a money grab. Things will change when they can no longer exploit the people.
So, isn’t business to blame for these problems more than politicians?
No, I don’t fault business. If you run a corporation, your job is to maximize the return on investment for your investors. Good for you. But by the same token, we have to remember that corporations have no compassion. That’s why legislation and regulations are necessary.
Do you anticipate seeing greater African American involvement in the Occupy Wall Street Movement?
Definitely! Veteran activist Dr. Ben Chavis is coming aboard with his long history and great record in terms of organizing. I know that when the civil rights community joins forces with the unions and with the pop stars of the cultural community, we can make this country much greater.
Are you at all worried about a possible backlash from the black community the way that Dr. Cornel West and Tavis Smiley were criticized as being anti-Obama when they went on their poverty tour?
No, this not about Obama. I’m prepared to go on the road to make sure that Obama gets re-elected. I’m a big supporter of President Obama.
And what’s up next for Occupy Wall Street?
There’s going to be an announcement made very shortly. I can’t blow it, but I will say this much: I potentially see the unions, the black church and the cultural community coming together to spearhead a Poor People’s Revolution as a fulfillment of the dream envisioned by Dr. Martin Luther King.
NEW YORK - It's a paradox that the only foreign-language kiosk set up in Zuccotti Park, the site that has been "occupied" by Occupy Wall Street, is for Spanish-language information, when, throughout Latin America, the movement has been met with little enthusiasm.
While Occupied Wall Street has resonated with people around the world, inspiring demonstrations from London to Seattle to Tokyo, the movement has failed to ignite the imagination of Latin Americans.
At a time when thousands of people have gathered to protest from New York's Times Square to the piazzas adjacent to Rome's Coliseum, the number of protesters in major Latin American cities has been in the hundreds at best. More »
Protesters continue to gather on Wall Street in New York, in Boston's Financial District, in Chicago, Los Angeles and other cities to challenge America's economic policies. The protests called "Occupy Wall Street" began on Sept. 17 and seem to be gaining momentum. The local version is called "Occupy Boston."
So far the protests have no identifiable leader and no precise agenda. However, the theme of economic inequality is gaining momentum. Some participants identify themselves as 99 Percenters, those who do not share in the prosperity of the top 1 percent of taxpayers. According to an analysis by the Tax Foundation of 2008 tax returns, the top 1 percent of taxpayers received more than 20 percent of all taxable income.
This income disparity is as great as that experienced in the crash of 1929. And the high rate of unemployment (9.1 percent) creates a politically volatile mix because of its impact on the middle class. Some analysts predict that jobs will not be abundantly available in the future since the decline of the nation's manufacturing base. More »
With the protest "Occupy Wall Street" entering its second month, more people are becoming aware of the great disparity in income among Americans. The slogan "99 percenters" indicates that protest supporters are not among the 1 percent of taxpayers that receive more than 20 percent of all revenue reported.
Not far from the site of "Occupy Boston," an encampment of those engaged in opposition to the country's financial practices, is the office of Boston Rising. This not-for-profit organization has launched a new strategy to help people rise from poverty to affluence.
Several years ago, a group of well-intentioned successful businessmen decided to use their economic acumen to help resolve the problem of poverty in Boston. From their perspective the problem was simple. It is clear that poverty results from the absence of money. They believed that if you provide the cash, then the problem goes away. More »