City on pace to meet housing goals
Officials say more than 30k units permitted
Real estate development is continuing apace in Boston, with new construction pushing deeper into the city’s outer neighborhoods as land downtown has become prohibitively expensive, according to officials from the administration of Mayor Martin Walsh.
The housing officials met with reporters Monday to discuss their annual update on the city’s Boston 2030 plan, which calls for the construction of 69,000 new units. So far, more than 30,442 new units have been permitted or completed. Of the 15,820 income-restricted units called for in the goal, 6,004 have been permitted or completed.
The pace of housing production in Boston is being driven by population growth that is by 2030 expected to add nearly 60,000 new residents to the Boston population, which this year is thought to have surpassed the 700,000 mark.
“The building boom we’re witnessing in the city of Boston over the last several years is fundamentally about a demographic boom,” said Boston Planning and Development Agency Director Brian Golden. “The population continues to grow, therefore the production of housing must grow.”
Golden said the city’s population has grown by more than 7,000 people every year since Walsh took office. The number of people moving to Boston is probably higher, but is offset by people who leave.
“People are certainly leaving, but there are more coming than leaving,” he said.
Golden said the city’s job market is the biggest draw for new Bostonians.
“The knowledge-based economy that is Boston in 2019 is capable of absorbing significant numbers of highly-educated workers,” he said. “We’re now the largest bio-tech, life sciences cluster in the world.”
More than half of the units permitted or built in Boston so far have been outside of the downtown core neighborhoods of Chinatown, Back Bay, The North End and the South End. This year, 81 percent of the permits issued were outside of the city’s downtown neighborhoods.
“We really are seeing a trend where developers are looking at less costly land, but also where there’s good transit,” noted Department of Neighborhood Development Director Sheila Dillon, who serves as the city’s housing chief.
Among other findings from the city’s housing report:
- As has been the case in recent years, Boston is leading in regional housing production, with 62 percent of all units permitted in the 21 municipalities in the metro area.
- In Boston, 54 percent of units permitted have been one-bedroom or studio units.
- Of the 6,004 income-restricted units permitted, 2,789 are for people earning less than 60 percent of the area median income — which this year is $47,600 for an individual. The remaining 3,215 units were for moderate-income households earning up to 120 percent of the area median income.
- City officials cite signs of rent stabilization, with rental increases of 1.5 percent from 2018 to 2019. The average rental listing price for a one-bedroom apartment in Boston in the first and second quarter of 2019 was $2,227, up from $2,165 a year earlier.
Despite a somewhat slower rate of increase, rents remain undeniably high.
“It goes without saying that these market-rate rents look too high to all of us,” Dillon said. “We’re encouraged that the market seems to be stabilizing, but we also feel compelled to build housing that is affordable to our lowest-income households and middle-income households. We’ll keep working on it.”
Dillon and Golden stressed the importance of housing production to reduce rents. Dillon pointed to the city’s fast-paced housing production as the greatest factor in the slowing rate of rent increases.
When Mayor Martin Walsh was asked whether he would support rent control, he said he is open to a discussion on specific measures.
“It’s something that we have to have a conversation about,” he said. “There are so many different forms of rent control. It’s not a simple tool to use.”
Walsh said he would wait so see proposals from the City Council.
Golden noted that the BPDA has undertaken 13 planning initiatives in Boston neighborhoods to solicit community input on the future of development in those areas. Among those processes have been the PLAN: J.P./Rox process that re-zoned the areas around Jackson and Egleston squares and Forest Hills, and the ongoing PLAN: Glover’s Corner process.
“We’ve been doing very aggressive planning efforts in really an unprecedented fashion,” Golden said. “This much planning has not been going on in our neighborhoods in a very long time.”